Rottweiler dog breed, puppy info and characteristics

Rottweiler dog breed

Rottweiler dog breed is a medium to large sized dog breed, originally used as a herding dog. These intelligent and alert dogs have a fairly good level of endurance. The high energy levels and intelligence can be put to use constructively with the help of proper training right from the beginning. This gentle and loving breed temperament is often overshadowed by destructive behavior in the absence of training. Therefore, these strong and powerful dogs generally require a strong handler.

Rottweiler dog breed
Rottweiler dog breed

In terms of gender, the females are usually easier to handle and train as compared to the males. On the downside, though, a female Rottweiler tends to have more mood swings. Plus, they can be choosy about their food.


This dog breed is believed to have originated in Germany. In earlier times, they were used for the purpose of herding and guarding the cattle. Gradually, they gained popularity as police dogs as well.

Physical Appearance

These massive dogs have strongly developed muscles. The medium length squarer set muzzle is also heavily muscled. A male Rottweiler is substantially heavier and larger than his female counterpart. They have short triangular ears and intense dark and almond shaped eyes. The natural bob tail is sometimes docked to prevent injuries. Although, this breed standard does not require this procedure as it is considered unnecessary and inhumane.

Color: Rottweiler breed is characterized by black color with clearly defined brown markings on cheeks, muzzle, chest and legs. In some cases with deficiency in the hair gene, Red color with brown markings may also be there.
Height: On an average, most of the Rottweilers are 24 to 27 inches in height. The average height for females has been found to be around 22 to 25 inches.
Weight: Depending on the height, a male Rottweiler dog can weigh around 95 to 130 pounds. Similarly, female Rottweilers are generally 85 to 115 pounds in weight.

Rottweiler Dog Breed Health Problems

Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) rupture, Osteochondrosis, Hip Dysplasia, Entropian, Elbow Dysplasia. Rottweiler puppies may suffer from Paneosteitis or Pano. Apart from these bone diseases, these dogs are also susceptible to Epilepsy, hereditary bleeding disorder, heart diseases, eye diseases and thyroid disorders, especially hypothyroidism. Besides, bloating and allergies are common troublesome ailments that should not be ignored at all. These dog breeds have been found more likely to develop bone cancers.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan for this breed of dogs is 10 to 12 years.
Litter Size: The average litter size ranges between 4 to 10 puppies. Litter size of 12 and even 16 has also been reported.

Rottweiler Dog Grooming Requirements

This breed’s coat is straight and short to medium in length. The coat consists of coarse hair and a thick undercoat. A soft bristle brush can be used for brushing the coat properly. They shed moderately. Still, due to the short coat is easier to groom a Rottweiler in less time on a weekly basis. The coat can be kept glossy with the help of dry shampoo. Rottweiler dogs need not be bathed frequently. They are mostly clean and odorless.

You can easily bathe your Rottweiler once in two or three months. It should not be troublesome as these dogs like water. Nail clipping should be done at least once in a month’s time. Besides, the grooming also requires brushing your dog’s teeth every 3-4 days. The eyes and ears should also be cleaned on a regular basis.

Rottweiler Dog Temperament

These dogs have often been associated with strong territorial instincts. They can become stubborn and try to command their owners instead of receiving commands in the absence of proper training. Otherwise, they are very playful, loving, loyal, reliable, adaptable, tolerant and gentle in temperament. They generally do not bark on people. Though, when they do bark, the bark sounds more like a roar.

Interestingly, a happy Rottweiler often makes a rumbling sound; more like a cat’s purr but it is often misinterpreted as a growl. The puppies can be clumsy and exuberant at times. Early socialization helps to utilize their protectiveness towards the owner in a constructive manner. Lack of companionship and physical activities may lead to destructive and unpredictable behavior in these dogs. These courageous and fearless dogs serve as good watchdogs.

Dog Breed Pros and Cons

Make sure your Rottweiler has received adequate training and socialization before introducing young children to him. Children should also be given proper instructions beforehand. Besides, when keeping a Rottweiler in an apartment, ensure lots of space, regular walks and provide a properly fenced yard for adequate physical activity. Retrieving objects, swimming and running seem to be their favorite games. Unfortunately, certain countries have banned Rottweiler breed dogs on account of prior tragic experiences.

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