Scottish Terrier dog breed, puppy info and characteristics

Scottish Terrier dog breed

Scottish Terrier dog breed, also known as Aberdeen Terrier or simply Scottie is a small terrier dog with a brave and playful temperament. Though, usually good around children, these dogs are still not recommended for very small children, especially when unsupervised.

Scottish Terrier dog breed
Scottish Terrier dog breed


As the name suggests, Scottish Terrier dog breed originated in Scotland. The breed, originally used for hunting vermin and foxes is considered to be one of the most ancient Highland Terrier dog breeds.

Interestingly, this delightful breed has been owned by various renowned personalities like Queen Victoria, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, George W. Bush, Lech Aleksander Kaczynski, Tatum O’Neal etc.

Physical Appearance

Scottish Terrier dog breed is characterized by a distinctive profile with short legs, powerful build and a hard and wiry hair coat. The small almond shaped eyes are set well apart. They are dark brown or black in color.

The nose is also black in color. The head is long yet proportionate to the rest of the body. The high set prick ears tend to be small and erect. The medium length tail is thicker at the base and carried erectly.

Color: The color is usually black, wheaten or brindle, with or without white or silver colored hair on the chest and chin.
Height: The average height of Scottish Terrier dogs and bitches is usually 10 to 11 inches.
Weight: The ideal healthy weight of these dogs ranges between 19 to 22 pounds. Female Scottish Terriers are generally 18 to 21 pounds in weight.

Scottish Terrier Health Problems

The most common health issues in Scottish Terrier breed dogs are von Willebrand disease, Crushing’s disease, Craniomandibular osteopath, Epilepsy, Patellar Luxation, Hypothyroidism and other related health problems. These dogs are also susceptible to flea infestation and other skin problems.

In addition, these dogs have been found to be more at risk of developing certain types of cancers such as Mast Cell Sarcoma, Malignant Melanoma, Gastric Carcinoma, Bladder Cancer etc. Scottish Terrier puppies are prone to Scottie Cramps characterized by spasms and hyper extention of legs.

Life Expectancy: The average life span of these charming little dogs is 12 to 15 years.
Litter Size: The average litter size is about 3 to 5 puppies.

Scottish Terrier Dog Breed Grooming Requirements

The hard and wiry hair coat of this dog requires regular grooming several times in a week. The hair coat should be brushed more frequently with greater care during the shedding seasons, even in case of light shedding.

Like most of the terrier breeds, Scottish Terrier dogs need to be bathed only when necessary in order to retain the natural weather resistant texture of the coat. However, clean the dog’s beard on a daily basis.

The hair coat should be clipped about three four times in a year. Show dogs require hand stripping. Carry out other grooming activities like nail trimming, ear cleaning etc also on a regular basis.

Scottish Terrier Temperament

These dogs are bold, intelligent, playful, energetic, friendly, trustworthy, alert and affectionate in temperament. These charming dogs can be independent and territorial at times.

They are usually gentle yet aloof with strangers and aggressive with other animals. In fact, due to this ruggedness in behavior, Scottish Terrier dogs have been aptly nicknamed as “Diehards”.

However, this ruggedness also indicates the importance of proper dog training and socialization for these stubborn yet sensitive dogs. These alert and loyal Terrier dogs make for excellent watchdogs.

Dog Breed Pros and Cons

These bold and active dogs do best under the leadership of assertive and experienced dog owners as they tend to become bossy around novice and gullible dog owners. Some favorite pastimes of Scottish Terrier dogs are digging holes in your garden and chasing rabbits, rats, squirrels etc.

Being moderately active indoors, they are suitable for apartment life, even in the absence of a yard. Although, these lively little dogs do need adequate exercise through daily walks and regular play sessions. In terms of climate, these dogs are more suitable for colder climates rather than the warmer ones

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