As the name suggests, Volpino Italiano dog breed is an Italian dog breed and is considered to be one of the descendants of European Spitz. These adorable dogs were favored by the Italian nobility. They were particularly preferred by women.
Like German Spitz and Keeshond (other breeds that descended from European Spitz), these dogs have been in existence since ancient times. They are mostly kept as vigilant watchdogs and outstanding companion dogs but can also be used as gun dogs when adequately trained for this purpose.
Certain other names for this breed are Italian Spitz, Cane de Quirinale and Florentine Spitz. The breed is not as famous as other Italian breeds such as Cane Corso, Lagotto Romagnolo, Spinone Italiano etc.
Appearance-wise, Volpino Italiano dogs look quite similar to Pomeranians but they are actually much older than the Poms. They are small in size and square in build. Head is pyramid shaped, stop is rather accentuated and the nasal bridge is straight. The dense hair coat forms an abundant collar around the neck.
The average sized eyes are dark ochre in color. The pointed ears are short and triangular in shape. Tail, covered with long hair, is carried curled over the back. There is feathering on the back of the legs.
Color: These dogs are mostly available in solid white, red and champagne colors.
Height: The average height of Volpino Italiano dog breed is 10 to 12 inches.
Weight: The ideal weight of both male as well as female Volpino Italianos ranges between 9 to 11 pounds.
Volpino Italiano Dog Health Problems
These little, tireless creatures are generally considered healthy. However, they may suffer from common dog diseases like Cataract, Lens Luxation, dislocation of knee etc.
Life Expectancy: The average life span of these dogs is about 14 to 16 years
Litter Size: 4 to 6 puppies
Volpino Italiano Dog Breed Grooming Requirements
These dogs are characterized by long and abundant hair coat consisting of straight, stiff hair. It has a harsh texture. Therefore, the hair coat needs to be brushed regularly, at least once or twice in a week to reduce shedding and avoid matting.
Other dog grooming responsibilities include bathing, checking and cleaning the eyes and ears, trimming the nails and so on.
Volpino Italiano Dog Temperament
The temperament is lively, cheerful, friendly, affectionate, good natured, alert, intelligent, protective and slightly stubborn. These lovely dogs are very much attached to the family but tend to be wary of strangers. These dogs usually bark quite a lot if they sense something suspicious.
They are generally playful with kids. Besides, these dogs get along well with other pets in the house, especially when raised with them. As for training, these intelligent dogs are easily trainable and tend to learn quickly. Nonetheless, training should be firm and consistent.
Volpino Italiano puppies should also be socialized right from the beginning. It is believed that Michelangelo had a Volpino Italiano who kept him company when he painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling.
Dog Breed Pros and Cons
These fast and agile dogs immensely enjoy outdoor activities. They require plenty of physical and mental stimulation. Therefore, Volpino Italiano dogs love the ritual of daily walks. They should also be allowed to run freely in securely fenced yard.
These energetic dogs adapt easily to apartment situation with at least a medium sized yard. In addition, it would be better if you get your furry companion some good chew toys.
The name Volpino refers to as “Little Fox” as it has been derived from Italian word “volpe”. Volpino dog breed is relatively rare outside Italy in spite of its long history.